Subcategory: File Managers, File Transfer
Platform: Linux, OS X, UNIX-like, Windows
First release: March 1994
GNU Midnight Commander – a visual file manager, licensed under GNU General Public License and therefore qualifies as Free Software. It’s a feature rich full-screen text mode application that allows you to copy, move and delete files and whole directory trees, search for files and run commands in the subshell. Internal viewer and editor are included.
Midnight Commander (mc) is based on versatile text interfaces, such as Ncurses or S-Lang, which allows it to work on a regular console, inside an X Window terminal, over SSH connections and all kinds of remote shells.
MC is a visual system shell, so all operations can be performed without entering any commands, using only the semigraphic interface. It allows you to perform file operations with the mouse, function keys (F1 – F12 on the keyboard) and the cursor. The TUI Midnight Commander is divided into two panels, each displaying files or information about them, which simplifies operations such as moving or copying files.
The application allows you to connect to servers (FTP, FISH and SMB) with access to their content in one of the selected windows; on the connected remote file system, you can perform standard operations (depending on the type of connection) – browsing, deleting and copying files or changing permissions.
The project founder is Miguel de Icaza.