rsync

rsync

Web site: rsync.samba.org
Category: Network
Subcategory: File Backup and Sync
Platform: BSD, Linux, OS X, UNIX-like, Windows
License: GPL
Interface: text
Programing language: C
First release: June 19, 1996
Rating:  star  star  star  star  star

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rsync – an open source utility that provides fast incremental file transfer.

rsync uses the “rsync algorithm” which provides a very fast method for bringing remote files into sync. It does this by sending just the differences in the files across the link, without requiring that both sets of files are present at one of the ends of the link beforehand.

It can copy locally, to/from another host over any remote shell, or to/from a remote rsync daemon. It offers a large number of options that control every aspect of its behavior and permit very flexible specification of the set of files to be copied. It is famous for its delta-transfer algorithm, which reduces the amount of data sent over the network by sending only the differences between the source files and the existing files in the destination. Rsync is widely used for backups and mirroring and as an improved copy command for everyday use.

Some features of rsync:
– can update whole directory trees and filesystems
– optionally preserves symbolic links, hard links, file ownership, permissions, devices and times
– requires no special privileges to install
– internal pipelining reduces latency for multiple files
– can use rsh, ssh or direct sockets as the transport
– supports anonymous rsync which is ideal for mirroring

rsync was originally written by Andrew Tridgell and Paul Mackerras.

luckyBackup

luckyBackup

Web site: luckybackup.sourceforge.net
Category: Network
Subcategory: File Backup and Sync
Platform: BSD, Linux, OS X, OS/2, UNIX-like, Windows
License: GPL
Interface: GUI
Programing language: C++
First release: 2008
Rating:  star  star  star  star

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luckyBackup – an application that backs-up and/or synchronizes any directories with the power of rsync. Its main features are: backup, safety, synchronization, exclude/only include options, allows custom rsync options, remote connections, restore and dry-run operations, scheduling, profiles and command line mode.

It is simple to use, fast (transfers over only changes made and not all data), safe (keeps your data safe by checking all declared directories before proceeding in any data manipulation ), reliable and fully customizable.

Main features:
– Creates multiple backup “snapshots”
– Sync any directories keeping the files that were most recently modified on both of them
– Checks whether the directories you’ve declared exist or if they are empty and warns you accordingly
– Exclude any file, folder or pattern from the transfer
– Add/remove any rsync option
– Remote connections are possible, either for use as a source or as a destination
– You can execute any command(s) before or after a specific task
– Perform a trial run that doesn’t make any changes (and produces mostly the same output as a real run)
– A separate check-box can be used to include or not the operations within a profile
– You can save your preferences in a .profile file and load it whenever needed
– Scheduling for execution of already created profiles via cronjobs is supported

The project developer is Loukas Avgeriou.

Procmail

Procmail

Web site: www.procmail.org
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: Linux, UNIX-like
License: GPL
Interface: CLI
Programing language: ?
First release: December 7, 1990
Rating:  star  star  star

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Procmail – a versatile e-mail processor and can be used to create mail-servers, mailing lists, sort your incoming mail into separate folders/files (very convenient when subscribing to one or more mailing lists or for prioritising your mail), preprocess your mail, start any programs upon mail arrival (e.g. to generate different chimes on your workstation for different types of mail) or selectively forward certain incoming mail automatically to someone.

Procmail was originally designed and developed by Stephen R. van den Berg. In the fall of 1998, recognizing that he didn’t have the time to maintain procmail on his own, Stephen created a mailing list for discussion of future development and deputized Philip A. Guenther as a maintainer.

Download

git://git.cuci.nl/procmail

getmail

getmail

Web site: pyropus.ca/software/getmail/
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: Linux, UNIX-like
License: GPL
Interface: CLI
Programing language: Python
First release: 1998
Rating:  star  star

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getmail – a mail retriever designed to allow you to get your mail from one or more mail accounts on various mail servers to your local machine for reading with a minimum of fuss. getmail is designed to be secure, flexible, reliable, and easy-to-use. getmail is designed to replace other mail retrievers such as fetchmail.

Features:
– simple to install, configure, and use
– retrieve virtually any mail
– support for accessing mailboxes with the following protocols: POP3, POP3-over-SSL, IMAP4, IMAP4-over-SSL, SDPS (Demon UK’s extensions to POP3)
– support for message filtering, classification, and annotation by external programs like spam filters and anti-virus programs
– support for delivering messages to different destinations based on the message recipient
– written in Python, and therefore easy to extend or customize

The project developer is Charles Cazabon.

fdm

fdm

Web site: github.com/nicm/fdm
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: Linux, UNIX-like
License: ISC
Interface: CLI
Programing language: C
First release: January 18, 2007
Rating:  star  star  star

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fdm (fetch/filter and deliver mail) – a program designed to fetch mail from POP3 or IMAP servers, or receive local mail from stdin, and deliver it in various ways.

The project developer is Nicholas Marriott.

Fetchmail

Fetchmail

Web site: www.fetchmail.info
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: Linux, UNIX-like
License: GPL
Interface: CLI
Programing language: C
First release: May ?
Rating:  star  star  star

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Fetchmail – a full-featured, robust, well-documented remote-mail retrieval and forwarding utility intended to be used over on-demand TCP/IP links (such as SLIP or PPP connections). It supports every remote-mail protocol now in use on the Internet: POP2, POP3, RPOP, APOP, KPOP, all flavors of IMAP, ETRN, and ODMR. It can even support IPv6 and IPSEC.

Fetchmail retrieves mail from remote mail servers and forwards it via SMTP, so it can then be read by normal mail user agents such as mutt, elm(1) or BSD Mail. It allows all your system MTA’s filtering, forwarding, and aliasing facilities to work just as they would on normal mail.

Fetchmail offers better protection against password-sniffing than any other Unix remote-mail client. It supports APOP, KPOP, OTP, Compuserve RPA, Microsoft NTLM, and IMAP RFC1731 encrypted authentication methods including CRAM-MD5 to avoid sending passwords en clair. It can be configured to support end-to-end encryption via tunneling with ssh, the Secure Shell.

Fetchmail can be used as a POP/IMAP-to-SMTP gateway for an entire DNS domain, collecting mail from a single drop box on an ISP and SMTP-forwarding it based on header addresses. (We don’t really recommend this, though, as it may lose important envelope-header information. ETRN or a UUCP connection is better.)

The original author of Fetchmail is Eric S. Raymond.

nmh

nmh

Web site: www.nongnu.org/nmh/
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: Linux, UNIX-like
License: Modified BSD
Interface: CLI
Programing language: ?
First release: May 2002 ?
Rating:  star  star  star

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nmh (new MH) – a powerful electronic mail handling system. It was originally based on version 6.8.3 of the MH message system developed by the RAND Corporation and the University of California. It is intended to be a (mostly) compatible drop-in replacement for MH. The MH was originally developed by Bruce S. Borden at RAND Corporation. Then Marshall T. Rose and John L. Romine at the University of California, Irvine, Information and Computer Sciences department maintained it until 1997 when version 6.8.5 was released.

nmh consists of a collection of fairly simple single-purpose programs to send, receive, save, retrieve, and manipulate e-mail messages. Since nmh is a suite rather than a single monolithic program, you may freely intersperse nmh commands with other commands at your shell prompt, or write custom scripts which use these commands in flexible ways.

All versions of nmh prior to 1.0.3 (as well as MH) contained a vulnerability where incoming mail messages with carefully designed MIME headers could cause the mhshow command to execute arbitrary shell code. Though the authors of nmh are not aware of any exploits of this hole, MH users and users of older versions of nmh are strongly encouraged to upgrade to the current version.

Front ends available:
– MH-V is a VI-like interface to mh.
– exmh is a TK-based GUI for mh.
– MH-E is an Emacs interface to mh.

Columba

Columba

Web site: www.columbamail.org (not active)
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: Linux, UNIX-like, Windows
License: Mozilla Public License
Interface: GUI
Programing language: Java
First release: September 2005
Rating:  star  star  star

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Columba – an email client written in Java, featuring a user-friendly graphical interface with wizards and internationalization support. Its a powerful mail management tool with features to enhance your productivity and communication.

Features:
– SMTP, POP3 and IMAP access support
– SSL and TLS transmission cryptography support
– GPG message cryptography support
– Bayesian spam filter, powered by Spam Assassin
– address book with automatic address collection and completion
– support for importing mailboxes
– email filtering
– virtual folders
– multiple skins, including GTK+ integration
– internationalization and localization to more than 10 languages
– calendars

Columba requires a Java 1.4 or later compatible virtual machine for your operating system (Java 1.5 is recommended).

The last version of Columba 1.4 was released in 2007.
The project developer is Frederik Dietz and Timo Stich.

Mailx

Mailx

Web site: heirloom.sourceforge.net/mailx.html
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: BSD, Linux, UNIX-like
License: BSD
Interface: cli
Programing language: ?
First release: 2006 ?
Rating:  star  star

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Mailx – an intelligent mail processing system, which has a command syntax reminiscent of ed with lines replaced by messages. It’s a free implementation of the System V mailx command and features an interface like that by default.

It is based on Berkeley Mail 8.1, is intended to provide the functionality of the POSIX mailx command, and offers extensions for MIME, IMAP, POP3, SMTP, and S/MIME. Mailx provides enhanced features for interactive use, such as caching and disconnected operation for IMAP, message threading, scoring, and filtering. It is also usable as a mail batch language, both for sending and receiving mail.

Some features are:
– Supports the MIME specifications
– Supports IMAP. In combination with either OpenSSL or Mozilla NSS, IMAPS can also be used.
– Supports caching and disconnected operation of IMAP folders.
– Supports POP3 to read messages on a remote server. In combination with OpenSSL or NSS, POP3S can also be used.
– Supports SMTP to send messages directly to a remote server.
– Supports S/MIME for signed and encrypted email (in combination with OpenSSL or NSS).
– In combination with NSS, certificates for S/MIME and SSL/TLS can be shared with Mozilla applications, and can be managed using them.
– Can display message threads and supports operations on them.
– Provides a Bayesian junk mail filter.
– Features a lot of detail improvements over previous implementations of Mail/mailx, such as IMAP-style search methods and flags for any types of folders, killing and scoring of messages, maildir folder support, an option to set the From: address directly, and the generation of References: header fields to avoid annoyances on mailing lists.
– Can be used as a mail batch language in nearly the same way as it is used interactively.

Cleancode eMail

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Web site: github.com/deanproxy/eMail
Category: Network
Subcategory: Email Clients
Platform: BSD, Linux, OS X, Solaris, UNIX-like
License: GPL
Interface: CLI
Programing language: ?
First release: September 2001
Rating:  star  star

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Cleancode eMail (or eMail, or Encrypted Mail) – a simply, command line SMTP client. eMail is designed that will send email via the command line to remote smtp servers or use ‘sendmail’ internally, and fully interact with GNUPG to encrypt and sign your e-mails.

Some of its features are:
– supports attachments with email
– allows SMTP AUTH
– MIME attachments
– an address book
– encryption of both transport (via TLS) and message (via PGP)
– digital signatures (via PGP)

The project developer is Dean Jones.